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Alum, Dry Cake, and Leachate Liquid Sludge: Responsible Waste Treatment Techniques

There are three types of sewage layers in water filtration and waste treatment processes. Scum is the lighter than water material such as oil which floats to the top. Effluent is mostly the water itself. Anything denser than the effluent (water) forms the bottom sludge layer, and different industrial processes, in turn, produce three different types of sludge. At Kaiser-Battistone we have the professional expertise to help your municipality engage in responsible waste treatment techniques and dispose of all three.

Alum Sludge- Aluminum sulfate is the flocculating agent used in water treatment plants and other industrial processes. “Flocculating” is the polite academic term for “clumping”, and just as you’d suspect the clumping reaction which takes place during the filtration process results in large volumes of the by-product known as alum sludge.

The alum sludge is usually stored in large lagoons or in drying beds, and disposal can be a challenging task, due to the eventual high volume buildup. At Kaiser-Battistone we have two high-tech tools to meet the challenge.


  • High-tech Lagoon Pumps – We deploy these pumps to handle alum sludge disposal projects up to 500,000 gallons. Our pumping hoses capture the maximum biomass concentrations.


  • Cable Dredge- For high volume sludge removal the cable dredge is the most efficient. This technique gives us the capability to handle million-gallon sludge disposal projects.


Dry Cake Sludge- This is the sticky, dry solid material remaining from a water sewage treatment plant after all the water has been removed. Dry cake sludge can be difficult to remove and needs to be disposed of responsibly. We have numerous options for disposal due to our ongoing relationships with landfills, as well as beneficial reuse facilities.


Liquid Sludge ( Leachate)

Also known as leachate, this is the liquid byproduct generated by landfills. Landfills require special methane collection systems and we provide the maintenance to keep the methane lines working correctly. Our state-of-the-art jetting and camera equipment allows us to handle all aspects of leachate removal.

Kaiser-Battistone provides the professional industrial pumping, dredging, hauling and disposal services which meet and exceed all disposal regulatory guidelines for any of your sludge disposal projects so don’t hesitate to contact us.

For more responsible waste treatment techniques information visit our website at https://www.kaiser-http://ift.tt/2zLs2Kpservices/sludge-hauling/

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Protecting Your Grease Trap: The First Line of Defense For Septic Systems

What is a Grease Trap?

Grease is the septic industry’s term for animal fat and vegetable oil which inevitably mixes with kitchen wastewater when dishes are washed and rinsed. Septic and sewage collection systems are designed to efficiently handle the wastewater, but grease floats and once cooled, it coagulates together in large sticky masses, making it the enemy of your septic or sewer system.

The grease trap intercepts this potential mess with a baffle system before it can move on to clog pipes or pumps further down the line, letting the water layer beneath the floating grease layer drain freely through the bottom of the trap. Eventually, the trap fills with grease and has to be cleaned out, but this is preferable to the expense of replacing clogged ejector pumps or jetting out grease-clogged pipes.

The Sink Strainer is Your First Line of Defense

The grease trap protects your septic or sewer lines, but it’s up to you to protect the grease trap itself from damage so it can continue to work effectively. Solid objects allowed to go down the drain can provide the material to totally gum up the works in your grease trap. A little precaution and common sense can protect the grease trap and in turn your entire wastewater system.

  • Use the sink strainer, properly seated in the drain, to prevent food particles and solids from reaching the grease trap. Keep the strainer in place at all times. Small pieces of plastic or trash items which make their way to the sink will be caught by the strainer before they can cause problems.
  • Scrape dishes thoroughly before placing in the sink. Even soft food items are still heavier than water solids which will only cause trouble. The grease trap intercepts but it does not digest.
  • Never dump leftover cooking oil down the sink drain. The grease trap will have to be cleaned more frequently, and it has enough to handle just from the residual animal and vegetable fats washed away from the dishes. Anyone who has allowed a greasy frying pan to cool on the stove has seen an example of the gunky mess which would be deposited in your grease trap by dumping it down the sink drain.

At Kaiser-Battistone we have the expertise to keep your residential septic system operating at peak efficiency, and we also offer a full line of wastewater management services for commercial and municipal operation. Visit our website at the link below for details, and don’t hesitate to contact us for more information.


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Septic Systems: To Flush or Not to Flush?

While owning a home with a septic system requires a little extra maintenance than those hooked up to a public sewer, it doesn’t take a lot of time or effort. Simple steps such as regular tank pumping and using bacterial additives keep septic systems running smoothly and leave you free to think about other things.

Another simple step to maintaining proper function of the septic system is to always be conscious of what you flush down the toilet. Many items marked as “septic safe” are not truly safe for flushing, such as “flushable wipes”. They do not degrade in the tank the same as toilet paper and end up clogging the system.

Regular maintenance and a bit of forethought will prevent clogged drains from pushing waste water back through your pipes or into your yard. Repairing the leech field and replacing septic systems costs an average of $26,000. Take the time now to save yourself the headache (and money!) later.

Here are some of the top items you should NEVER flush, even if the packaging says you can:

  • Disposable Diapers
  • Any type of cooking oil, fats, or grease
  • Chemicals – including those in detergents and other cleaning products. They affect the good bacteria inside the tank and can also leech into the surrounding soil to affect wildlife.
  • Kitty Litter
  • Flushable Wipes
  • Unused Medications
  • Women’s Sanitary Products

If in doubt, the best rule of thumb to follow is this: If it’s not human waste or toilet paper, don’t flush it!

For a complete list of unsafe items, please visit our website or contact us. We provide information about proper care and maintenance of your septic system and offer recommendations for safe cleaning products. We are eager to help keep septic systems stress free!

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Town Spotlight: Fall in Norwalk and Preparing for Winter

Fall in Norwalk is an unpredictable season, sunny and warm one day, chilly and crisp the next. The changing color of the leaves paints a beautiful tapestry against the sky. Fresh tomatoes, delicious corn, crisp apples, and sweet berries are everywhere. It’s also a time of closing the pool, covering the boat, the house needs readied for the cold days ahead and, of course, the ever falling leaves need raked. Fall is a season that is beautiful, tasty, and filled with preparation for winter

And no place is more attractive in autumn than Norwalk, Connecticut. The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) says that, depending on the weather, fall foliage color is at its peak between October 5 and November 13. The Norwalk region offers a lot of places to get outside, savor the colorful landscapes, and enjoy the fall beauty. While any fall day is perfect for leaf viewing, you will find less traffic, and more peace and solitude if you can sneak away for a few hours midweek.

As you enjoy the crisp fall weather and begin to prepare for this upcoming winter, remember to consider your septic system. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that 20% of households, 60 million people, depend on septic systems to treat home and business wastewater. The topic is so notable that the EPA has created a program called Septic Smart, an initiative dedicated to instructing homeowners and neighborhoods on the proper care of septic systems.

The program provides homeowners, who depend on septic systems, the opportunity to learn how to maintain their system and avoid problems. The first recommendation they make, to ensure your septic system and the associated plumbing is ready for fall, is to inspect and pump frequently. Regardless of what part of the country you are in, sludge buildup is unavoidable, but regular inspections and pumping reduce repairs by identifying possible issues before they happen, and is inexpensive when compared to high repair bills.

Not regularly having your septic system pumped is the top cause of all septic system problems and can end up costing thousands in avoidable repairs. Many people neglect their system and go for years and even decades without septic pumping or inspection of their system. As you enjoy what many consider the most beautiful season of the year in Norwalk, Connecticut, and prepare for the bitter cold of winter, remember to have a professional inspect your system and avoid costly repairs in the future.

To learn more about preparing your septic system for fall in Norwalk or anything else contact us today.

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Major Backup Caused by FOGs and Wipes in Baltimore

Fats, oils and grease (FOG) are not to be taken lightly. You may think that a little grease here or a wet wipe there won’t hurt your drains, right? Recently in Baltimore, Maryland what has been referred to as a “fatberg” caused 1 million gallons of sewerage to leak into Jones Falls at the end of September. While investigating the leak, Baltimore authorities noted that about 85% of the pipe is blocked.

The overflows have since been redirected to storm drains, but this could have been prevented. Home owners and business owners a like should be wary of not disposing of FOGs down their drains and even though some of those wet wipes boast “flushable” they should still be disposed of in the trash.

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Does Your Business Need Hy Vac Services?

Hy vac is a system that uses high vacuum pump trucks to clear debris and blockage from exterior grease tanks and catch basins.

If your business has either, then you may be in need of hy vac services. Exterior grease traps are used by some food service establishments. These are large tanks designed to use gravity to separate FOG (fats, oils, and grease) and food waste from wastewater. They prevent sewer line blockages which can be caused by FOG, but they need to be cleaned every three months. In most cases, normal pumping is enough, but if grease has become hardened in the tank, then you will need hy vac cleaning.

Catch basins, on the other hand, collect excess water from landscaping and direct it down storm drains as part of a flood control system. Some catch basins are connected to the sewer system, which means they can easily cause a clog. As a result, they should be cleaned to remove sand, leaves, and other debris. Again, this can sometimes be most efficiently done using a hy vac truck.

In other words, if you have an exterior grease trap or a catch basin on your property and you are having issues with it filling up, clogging, or backing up, then you need a hy vac truck. You may be able to avoid the need by doing proper, regular cleaning and maintenance, but if you do have a problem they are fast, efficient, and will leave your drains and trap clean and ready for use. If you want to know more about this service, then please contact Kaiser-Battistone today.

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